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HSC Medicine, Dentistry and Healthcare Sciences Current Awareness Bulletins: Cardiology

Cardiology current awareness bulletin

Frequency: Bi-monthly

Links to articles in the current and previous 2 issues of this bulletin are displayed below.

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June 2024

10-year mortality of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.03.019

Advances in management of heart failure 10.1136/bmj-2023-077025

Angiographic characteristics of patients with STEMI and COVID-19 10.1016/j.ahj.2024.02.012

Aspirin for primary prevention in patients with elevated coronary artery calcium score 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.03.021

Asymptomatic aortic stenosis: from risk stratification to treatment 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.02.034

Atrial thrombosis prevalence before cardioversion or catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.02.042

Comparison among ultra-thin coronary stents: a network meta-analysis 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.01.018

Continuous infusion versus bolus injection of loop diuretics for acute heart failure (new Cochrane review) 10.1002/14651858.CD014811.pub2

Distal versus proximal radial arterial access for percutaneous coronary angiography and intervention 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.02.032

Immediate versus staged complete revascularization in patients with acute coronary syndrome 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.03.037

Management of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after cardiovascular interventions. Diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.04.007

More than meets the eye: defining the prevalence, pathophysiology, and approach to myocardial iron overload 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.01.033

Navigating heart failure: unveiling sex disparities in guideline-directed medical therapy combinations 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.01.017

Non-acute heart failure management in primary care 10.1136/bmj-2023-077057

Prophylactic anticoagulation to prevent left ventricular thrombus following acute myocardial infarction 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.02.023

Supermarket/hypermarket opportunistic screening for atrial fibrillation (SHOPS-AF) using sensors embedded in the handles of supermarket trolleys: a feasibility study 10.1016/j.ahj.2024.02.011

Traditional and advanced echocardiographic evaluation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the forgotten relation 10.1016/j.amjcard.2024.02.022

Transcatheter or surgical treatment of aortic-valve stenosis 10.1056/NEJMoa2400685

Valvular heart disease: from mechanisms to management 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02755-1

See also: The future of valvular heart disease assessment and therapy 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02754-X

Vascular health years after a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy: the EPOCH study 10.1016/j.ahj.2024.03.004

Sources

American Heart Journal (May-Jun); American Journal of Cardiology (Apr-Jun); BMJ, The (5th and 10th Apr); Cochrane Library (May); Lancet, The (20th-26th Apr); NEJM (Apr)

April 2024

Actual status of pre-discharge knowledge of hospitalised patients with heart failure and measurement tools to assess said knowledge: a scoping review 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.11.009

Acute hemodynamic compromise after transcatheter aortic valve replacement due to dynamic left ventricle obstruction: a systematic review 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.12.005

AI diagnosis of heart sounds differentiated with super StethoScope 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.09.007

Birth to adulthood – modern day congenital cardiac surgery 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.12.011

The clinical relevance of mild cognitive impairment in acute heart failure: A comparison with cognitive impairment 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.08.017

Clinically applied anatomy of the heart 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.11.011

Common cardiac surgical procedures: bypass, valve repair and replacement 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.12.013

Constrictive pericarditis in the new millennium 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.09.003

Costs of care and financial hardship among patients with heart failure 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.12.001

Door-to-diuretic time and mortality in patients with acute heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.12.012

Exercise‐based cardiac rehabilitation for adults with heart failure (new Cochrane intervention review) 10.1002/14651858.CD003331.pub6

Human factors in cardiac surgery 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.12.010

Looking after the cardiac surgery patient: pitfalls and strategies 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.12.012

Major aortic surgery: from root to diaphragm 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.11.010

Mechanical circulatory support 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.12.014

Microplastics and nanoplastics in atheromas and cardiovascular events 10.1056/NEJMoa2309822

Neurocognition in adults with congenital heart disease post-cardiac surgery: a systematic review 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.11.011

Outcomes of valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.12.061

Physiology and cardioplegia: safety in operating 10.1016/j.mpsur.2023.11.009

Prophylactic corticosteroids for cardiopulmonary bypass in adult cardiac surgery (updated Cochrane intervention review) 10.1002/14651858.CD005566.pub4

Race or ethnicity and education in cardiac rehabilitation enrollment 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.08.002

Racial and ethnic disparities in bystander resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.12.004

Sources

American Heart Journal (Mar-Apr); American Journal of Cardiology (Mar); Cochrane Library (Feb-Mar); Heart and Lung (Mar-Apr); Journal of Cardiology (Apr); NEJM (Mar); Surgery-Oxford (Feb)

February 2024

Benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy among older patients DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.11.002

Early mobilization for acute heart failure DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.09.009

Evolving concepts in cardiac physiologic pacing in the era of conduction system pacing DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.11.023

Heart failure management guidelines: new recommendations and implementation DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.10.009

Insights into the invasive diagnostic challenges of coronary artery vasospasm DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.07.020

Long-term risk of reintervention after transcatheter aortic valve replacement DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.10.002

Management of Friedreich ataxia–associated cardiomyopathy in pregnancy DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.10.019

Non‐vitamin‐K‐antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) after acute myocardial infarction DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD014678.pub2

Pathophysiology and diagnostic pathway of myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.07.014

Perioperative prophylactic corticosteroids for cardiac surgery in children DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.09.006

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (review) DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra2306667

A review of polypills for the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.08.012

Risk of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapies and sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure with improved left ventricular ejection fraction DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.06.047

The role of natriuretic peptides in predicting adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery: an updated systematic review DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.09.101

Temperature control to improve neurological outcomes after cardiac arrest (new NICE guideline IPG782 – 23rd January 2024)

Trends in mortality risk of patients with congenital heart disease during the COVID-19 pandemic DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2023.11.010

Use of anticoagulation for thromboembolic prophylaxis in patients with atrial high-rate episodes on device monitoring DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.11.009

What is the meaning of provoked spasm phenotypes by vasoreactivity testing? DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2023.06.013

Sources used: American Heart Journal (Dec, Jan, Feb); American Journal of Cardiology (Jan, Feb); Cochrane Library (Jan); Journal of Cardiology (Jan, Feb, Mar); NEJM (11th Jan); NICE website (Jan)