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HSC Medicine, Dentistry and Healthcare Sciences Current Awareness Bulletins: Emergency Medicine and Surgery

Emergency Medicine current awareness bulletin

Frequency: Bi-monthly

Links to articles in the current and previous 2 issues of this bulletin are displayed below.

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June 2024

Anti-craving medications for alcohol use disorder treatment in the emergency department: a systematic review of direct evidence 10.1111/acem.14806

Are specialty emergency departments the future of emergency care? Oncology- and geriatric-focused emergency departments hope to improve care, lower costs 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2024.03.015

Artificial intelligence (AI)-derived software to help clinical decision making in stroke (updated NICE guidance DG57)

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome: clinical trajectories and patterns of use three months following a visit to the emergency department 10.1111/acem.14773 

Clinical outcomes of rapid respiratory virus testing in emergency departments: a systematic review and meta-analysis 10.1001/jamainternmed.2024.0037

Dopamine antagonists and topical capsaicin for cannabis hyperemesis syndrome in the emergency department: a systematic review of direct evidence 10.1111/acem.14770

Emergency department volume and delayed diagnosis of serious pediatric conditions 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2023.6672

Examining food insecurity in a regional New Zealand emergency department: a cross-sectional study  10.1111/1742-6723.14376 

Guidelines for Reasonable and Appropriate Care in the Emergency Department (GRACE-4): alcohol use disorder and cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome management in the emergency department 10.1111/acem.14911 

Patient perspectives on emergency department initiation of medication for alcohol use disorder 10.1111/acem.14758 

Patients who leave before care is completed: what does the legal duty to warn mean for emergency department clinicians? 10.1111/1742-6723.14407 

Peripheral nerve blocks in the preoperative management of hip fractures: a systematic review and network meta-analysis 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2024.01.024

Phenobarbital for alcohol withdrawal management in the emergency department: a systematic review of direct evidence 10.1111/acem.14788 

See also: Phenobarbital treatment of alcohol withdrawal in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-analysis 10.1111/acem.14825  

Programme theories to describe how different general practitioner service models work in different contexts in or alongside emergency departments (GP-ED): realist evaluation 10.1136/emermed-2023-213426

RCEM best practice guideline: suspected cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome in emergency departments 10.1136/emermed-2024-213886

Risk factors for violence in an emergency department: nurses' perspectives 10.1111/1742-6723.14388


Academic Emergency Medicine (May); Annals of Emergency Medicine (May-Jun); Emergency Medicine Australasia (Jun); Emergency Medicine Journal (May); NICE website (May)

April 2024

Characteristics and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 who return to the emergency department: a multicentre observational study by the Canadian COVID-19 Emergency Department Rapid Response Network (CCEDRRN) 10.1136/emermed-2023-213277

Clinical practice guideline recommendations in pediatric mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.11.012

Comparison of diuretics and fluid expansion in the initial treatment of patients with normotensive acute pulmonary embolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis 10.1136/emermed-2023-213525

Consensus statement on the interhospital transfer of patients with acute aortic syndrome: TRAVERSING Delphi study 10.1136/emermed-2023-213362

Derivation and validation of a risk-stratification model for patients with probable or proven COVID-19 in EDs: the revised HOME-CoV score 10.1136/emermed-2022-212631

Diagnosis of acute aortic syndrome in the emergency department (DAShED) study: an observational cohort study of people attending the emergency department with symptoms consistent with acute aortic syndrome 10.1136/emermed-2023-213266

The diagnostic approach and management of hypertension in the emergency department 10.1016/j.ejim.2023.11.028

Factors influencing the implementation of early discharge hospital at home and admission avoidance hospital at home (new Cochrane qualitative review)

Patient should have been accompanied during doctor’s assessment (Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman report re: Northern Trust hospital emergency departments)

Pediatric patients discharged after transfer to a pediatric emergency department: opportunities for telehealth? 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.08.489

Pediatric sepsis in general emergency departments: association between pediatric sepsis case volume, care quality, and outcome 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.10.011

Perceived barriers and opportunities to improve working conditions and staff retention in emergency departments: a qualitative study 10.1136/emermed-2023-213189

Predictors of adverse outcomes in elders hospitalised for isolated orthopaedic trauma: a multicentre cohort study 10.1136/emermed-2023-213088

Social determinants of health and pediatric emergency department outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.10.010

Survey of current policy regarding the recognition and management of acute aortic syndrome in Great Britain 10.1136/emermed-2023-213376

Suspected sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management (updated NICE guideline NG51)

Triage tools for detecting cervical spine injury in paediatric trauma patients (updated Cochrane diagnostic review) 10.1002/14651858.CD011686.pub3


Annals of Emergency Medicine (Mar-Apr); Cochrane Library (Mar); Emergency Medicine Journal (Mar-Apr); European Journal of Internal Medicine (Mar); NICE website (Mar); Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman website (Jan)

February 2024

A clinical decision rule to rule out bloodstream infection in the emergency department DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2022-212987

Compass for antibiotic stewardship: using a digital tool to improve guideline adherence and drive clinician behaviour for appendicitis treatment in the emergency department DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2022-213015

Consensus on acute behavioural disturbance in the UK DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2023-213335

Cosmetic filler–induced vascular occlusion: a rising threat presenting to emergency departments DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.07.006

Early and empirical high-dose cryoprecipitate for hemorrhage after traumatic injury DOI: 10.1001/jama.2023.21019

Effect of bougie use on first-attempt success in tracheal intubations: a systematic review and meta-analysis DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.08.484

Emergency department volume, severity, and crowding since the onset of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.07.024

Emergency department resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta in trauma patients with exsanguinating hemorrhage: The UK-REBOA randomized clinical trial DOI: 10.1001/jama.2023.20850

How could online NHS 111 reduce demand for the telephone NHS 111 service? Qualitative study of user and staff views DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2022-213009

Increasing the use of anxiolysis and analgesia for paediatric procedures in a community emergency department network DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2023-213232

Managing and preventing migraine in the emergency department: a review DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.05.024

Outcomes and resource utilisation of patients presented to the emergency department with opioid and benzodiazepine poisoning DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2023-213180

Radiographic pneumonia in young febrile infants presenting to the emergency department DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2023-213089

Safety and efficacy of a nitrous oxide procedural sedation programme in a paediatric emergency department: a decade of outcomes DOI: 10.1136/emermed-2022-212931

Safety and pain reduction in emergency practitioner ultrasound-guided nerve blocks DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.08.482

Virtual visits with own family physician vs outside family physician and emergency department use DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.49452

Sources used: Annals of Emergency Medicine (Dec, Jan, Feb); Emergency Medicine Journal (Dec, Jan, Feb); JAMA (21st Nov); JAMA Network Open (Dec)